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A Beginner’s Guide to Swaps in the Forex Market

kokou adzo



Sans titre 5

A swap in the forex market, also known as a rollover or overnight interest, is an essential concept for beginners to understand. It involves the interest rate differential between the two currencies in a currency pair and affects the cost or profit of holding a position overnight.

Here’s a beginner’s guide to swaps in the forex market:

Understanding Currency Pairs

Forex trading involves trading one currency for another. Currency pairs are quoted as two currencies, with one being the “base” currency and the other being the “quote” currency. For example, in the EUR/USD pair, the Euro (EUR) is the base currency, and the US Dollar (USD) is the quote currency and vice versa.

Interest Rate Differential

Each currency in a pair has an associated interest rate set by its respective central bank. The swap rate is based on the interest rate differential between the two currencies in the pair. This differential determines whether you will pay or receive interest for holding a position overnight.

Long and Short Positions

  • Long Position
  • If you go long on a currency pair, you are buying the base currency and selling the quote currency. You are effectively borrowing the quote currency to purchase the base currency.
  • Short Position¬†
  • If you go short on a currency pair, you are selling the base currency and buying the quote currency. You are effectively borrowing the base currency to sell it for the quote currency.

Swap Calculation

Swaps are typically calculated and applied at the end of the trading day, which is 5:00 PM New York time (known as the rollover time). That is 11:00 PM SA time. The amount of the swap is influenced by the interest rate differential, the position size, and the duration for which you hold the trade.

Swap Types:

There are two types of swaps, positive and negative swaps.

  • Positive Swap (Carry Trade)
  • If you go long on a currency pair with a higher interest rate and short on a currency pair with a lower interest rate, you may earn a positive swap or carry. This is a strategy known as a carry trade, where traders aim to profit from the interest rate differential.
  • Negative Swap
  • If you go long on a currency pair with a lower interest rate and short on a currency pair with a higher interest rate, you will pay a negative swap. In this case, you incur a cost for holding the position overnight.

Factors Affecting Swaps

Swap rates can change daily due to fluctuations in interest rates set by central banks, economic events, and market sentiment. Traders need to be aware of these fluctuations and factor them into their trading strategies. So make sure you keep an eye on your economic calendars and forex market news.

Broker Policies

Different brokers may offer different swap rates and may also charge additional spreads on positions held overnight. It’s important to choose a reputable broker and understand their swap rate policies.

Risk Management

Traders should consider swap rates when managing their risk. Swaps can impact the overall profitability of a trade, so it’s essential to calculate potential swaps when placing and holding positions. Managing your risk is essential to successful trading.

Demo Trading

If you’re new to forex trading, consider using a demo account to practice trading and understand how swaps work without risking real money. A demo account provides a great platform on which to practice forex trading risk-free.

In summary, swaps are a crucial aspect of forex trading, and understanding them is essential for both short-term and long-term trading strategies. As a beginner, take the time to learn how swaps work in the forex market and how they can impact your trades to make informed trading decisions.


Kokou Adzo is the editor and author of He is passionate about business and tech, and brings you the latest Startup news and information. He graduated from university of Siena (Italy) and Rennes (France) in Communications and Political Science with a Master's Degree. He manages the editorial operations at

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