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Countdown to the ERC Deadline: What Small Businesses Need to Know

kokou adzo



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In the challenging landscape of economic recovery, fiscal incentives such as the Employee Retention Credit (ERC) have proven to be valuable lifelines for small businesses. The ERC offers a form of relief, incentivizing businesses to retain their workforce during economic downturns, and in turn, playing a vital role in stabilizing the broader economy.

The upcoming ERC deadline 2023, however, marks a critical juncture for small businesses. It’s a pivotal moment that demands attention and strategic planning to ensure that businesses maximize the benefits of this fiscal tool. As we count down to this deadline, it is crucial for businesses to fully understand the nuances of the ERC, its implications, and the necessary steps required to leverage it effectively. In this guide, we aim to navigate small businesses through the key aspects of the ERC as they prepare for this crucial deadline.

Background on the ERC

Introduced as part of the CARES Act in 2020, the Employee Retention Credit (ERC) emerged as a response to the economic fallout from the global pandemic. Its primary aim was to encourage businesses to retain their employees during these challenging times, even when faced with a slowdown in operations or revenue.

The ERC operates as a refundable tax credit against certain employment taxes. Originally, it was available to businesses experiencing full or partial shutdowns due to governmental orders or those witnessing significant declines in gross receipts. Over time, expansions and amendments to the ERC have made it more accessible and beneficial to a larger number of businesses.

A significant milestone was the extension of the ERC through 2023, providing further relief for businesses grappling with the long-term impacts of the economic crisis. The ERC has been a significant financial respite for small businesses, helping them maintain their workforce and thereby ensuring business continuity. As we approach the ERC deadline 2023, understanding the evolution and implications of this credit becomes even more pertinent for small businesses looking to maximize their economic resilience.

Key Aspects of the ERC

Understanding the key aspects of the Employee Retention Credit (ERC) is crucial for small businesses planning to utilize it effectively.

Eligibility Criteria

Firstly, eligibility for the ERC is primarily determined by two factors: significant reduction in gross receipts or suspension of operations due to governmental orders. In terms of gross receipts, businesses with a 20% quarter-over-quarter reduction in 2023, as compared to the same quarter in 2019, are eligible for the ERC. Also, the credit applies to businesses forced to suspend operations partially or fully due to government regulations related to COVID-19.

Calculation and Claim Process

The credit is applied to the employer portion of Social Security payroll taxes. For 2023, businesses can claim a credit of up to 70% on $10,000 in qualified wages per employee per quarter, effectively capping the credit at $7,000 per employee per quarter. Wages, for ERC purposes, include healthcare costs and certain other related expenses.

To claim the credit, businesses can report their total qualified wages and the related ERC on their employment tax returns. If the credit exceeds the employer’s total tax liability, the difference is refunded.

Relationship with Other Relief Measures

Understanding the relationship between the ERC and other relief measures like the Paycheck Protection Program (PPP) is also important. Businesses can take advantage of both programs, but the same wages cannot be used to claim the ERC and for PPP loan forgiveness. Balancing these two benefits strategically can maximize overall financial relief.

As the ERC deadline 2023 approaches, grasping these key aspects can equip small businesses to leverage the benefits of the credit effectively and navigate potential pitfalls. Seeking professional advice can also be beneficial in addressing the complexities of these processes and maximizing the potential benefits.

Preparing for the ERC Deadline

As the ERC deadline 2023 approaches, it’s essential for small businesses to be well-prepared in order to maximize the credit’s benefits. Below are steps businesses should take:

Understand the Important Dates and Timeline

Knowing the key dates is the first step in preparation. The ERC is available through the end of 2023, but businesses must adhere to quarterly reporting deadlines for employment tax returns to ensure they claim the credit promptly.

Gather Necessary Documentation

To establish eligibility and calculate the credit, businesses should maintain meticulous records of wage payments, periods of business suspension due to COVID-19, and changes in gross receipts. Documenting the necessary information and maintaining organized, accurate records can streamline the claim process and help prevent potential issues down the line.

Seek Professional Advice

Given the complexities surrounding the ERC, it can be beneficial to seek the advice of a tax professional. They can provide guidance on eligibility, calculation, and claim processes, help navigate the interplay between the ERC and other relief measures like the PPP, and ensure compliance with all necessary guidelines.

Avoid Common Mistakes

Several common mistakes can be avoided with careful preparation. These include not understanding the eligibility criteria, not keeping up with changes in the guidelines, claiming the ERC and PPP loan forgiveness for the same wages, and not maintaining adequate records. Being aware of these potential pitfalls can help businesses make the most of the ERC.

Finalize Plans for ERC Funds

Before the deadline, businesses should also have a clear plan for how they’ll use the ERC funds. This could involve maintaining current staff levels, investing in new business initiatives, or setting aside funds for future uncertainties. Planning ahead can help businesses strategically use the ERC to not just weather the current economic storm, but also to position themselves for post-crisis growth.

Making the Most of the ERC

To truly leverage the benefits of the Employee Retention Credit (ERC), businesses need to do more than just meet the basic requirements. Below are strategies that can help optimize the utilization of the ERC.

Maximizing Credits

Understanding the detailed rules for credit calculation can help maximize the credit amount. This includes knowing which wages and health care costs are eligible and how to calculate credit for part-time and full-time employees. Employers should also be aware that if they’re claiming the ERC for 2023, they can’t use the same wages to claim other credits, such as the Work Opportunity Tax Credit.

Strategic Planning of ERC and PPP

Businesses need to strategically balance the benefits from the ERC and the Paycheck Protection Program (PPP). While both programs can provide significant financial relief, the same wages can’t be claimed for both. Businesses should allocate their wage costs between the ERC and PPP loan forgiveness in a way that maximizes their overall financial benefits.

Investing in Future Growth

The ERC is not just a survival tool but also an opportunity for future growth. Businesses can use the funds saved through the ERC to invest in growth-oriented initiatives such as technology upgrades, market expansion, or employee upskilling. By doing so, businesses can turn a short-term relief measure into a long-term strategic advantage.

Stay Updated

The rules governing the ERC may change, and businesses need to stay updated to continue maximizing its benefits. Regularly checking for updates from the IRS or consulting with a tax advisor can ensure that businesses remain compliant and benefit from any expansions or changes to the credit.

Post-ERC Strategies for Small Businesses

While the ERC provides substantial immediate relief, small businesses must also prepare for a future without this assistance. Strategizing for post-ERC scenarios involves careful financial planning and diversifying income streams to maintain sustainability. Continued investments in workforce development and operational efficiencies will be critical. Businesses should consider capitalizing on digital transformation trends, exploring new markets, and fostering customer loyalty to thrive in a post-ERC landscape. Additionally, seeking alternative financing options, like small business loans or grants, can provide additional financial support. Ultimately, the end of the ERC should be viewed as a transition to self-sustainability and continued growth.

Final Note

The approaching ERC deadline 2023 is a significant event for small businesses. By understanding the credit’s nuances, preparing for the deadline, optimizing its use, and strategizing for a post-ERC scenario, businesses can transform this fiscal measure into a springboard for resilience and growth, navigating the economic crisis with confidence and foresight.


Kokou Adzo is the editor and author of He is passionate about business and tech, and brings you the latest Startup news and information. He graduated from university of Siena (Italy) and Rennes (France) in Communications and Political Science with a Master's Degree. He manages the editorial operations at

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