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End-to-end Testing with Angular

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End-to-end testing is a critical component of developing any software application. It ensures that your application works as expected in different conditions and scenarios. End-to-end tests are especially important when you develop complex applications, such as those built with Angular. we’ll explore how to do end-to-end testing with Angular and what tools you can use for the task. We’ll also discuss why end-to-end independent software testing services is essential and how it can save you time and money in the long run.

What is end-to-end testing?

End-to-end testing is a methodology used to test an application from start to finish. The goal of end-to-end testing is to ensure that the application behaves as expected in all scenarios.

End-to-end testing with angular can be done using a variety of tools, such as Protractor, webdriverIO, and Selenium. These tools allow you to automate your tests and run them against a real browser.

Angular is a popular framework for building web applications. End-to-end testing with Angular allows you to test your application in a real-world scenario. This type of testing is important because it can catch errors that may not be caught by unit tests.

Why use angular for end-to-end testing?

End-to-end testing is a critical part of the software development process. It allows you to test your application from start to finish, ensuring that all functionality works as expected. An angular is a powerful tool that can help you automate end-to-end testing. Here are some of the benefits of using angular for end-to-end testing:

1. Angular makes it easy to create tests that are repeatable and consistent.

2. It  provides a lot of built-in functionality that makes end-to-end testing easier, such as dependency injection and data binding.

3. Angular is a popular framework with a large community of developers who can offer support and advice.

4. There are many open-source tools available for automating end-to-end tests with angular.

Setting up your environment for end-to-end testing with angular

Assuming that you have Angular CLI installed, let’s create a new project:

ng new my-app

This will generate a new directory called my-app with all of the necessary files and dependencies needed to run an Angular application.

Next, we need to install Protractor. This can be done using npm:

cd my-app

npm install -g protractor

web driver-manager update –standalone false –gecko false

The web driver-manager is a helper tool to easily get an instance of a Selenium Server running. The above command will download the necessary binaries into your local environment.

Now that everything is installed, we can start writing our tests. Create a new file in the root of the project called e2e.ts

Writing your first end-to-end test

When it comes to writing your first end-to-end test, there are a few things to keep in mind. First, you want to make sure that your test covers all of the functionality of your application. Second, you want to write your test in a way that is easy to understand and maintain. Finally, you’ll want to run your test against a real browser to make sure that everything works as expected.

With those things in mind, let’s take a look at how to write your first end-to-end test. We’ll be using the Angular CLI tool to create our test and will be testing the login functionality of our application.

To start, we’ll need to install the Angular CLI tool. You can do this by running the following command:

npm install -g @angular/cli

First, you’ll need to import the relevant modules from @angular/testing. In your end-to-end test file, this will look something like this:

import { TestBed } from ‘@angular/core/testing’;

import { BrowserModule } from ‘@angular/platform-browser’;

import { NgModule } from ‘@angular/core’;

import { AppComponent } from ‘./app.component’;

import { LoginComponent } from ‘./login/login.component’;

Next, you need to configure your testing module. This is where you’ll tell Angular what components are being used in your tests and where to find them.

Debugging end-to-end tests

When running end-to-end tests, it is sometimes necessary to debug the tests themselves. This can be done in several ways, depending on the test runner being used.

If using Protractor, you can use the browser.pause() command to pause the execution of the test at any point. This will open up a debugging console in the browser, allowing you to inspect the state of the application and resume execution when ready.

If using Jasmine, you can use debugger; statements in your code to break into the debugger at that point. This will allow you to step through the code and inspect variables as needed.

It is also possible to debug tests remotely, by connecting a debugging client to the test runner process. This is often useful when running tests in CI/CD environments, where it may not be possible to access the browser directly.

End-to-end testing is a great way to catch bugs early on in the development process. It’s also a good way to get a feel for how your application will work in the real world.

Angular’s end-to-end testing tools make it easy to write and run tests for your Angular applications. In this blog post, we’ll show you how to set up and run end-to-end tests for your Angular application using the Protractor tool.

Protractor is an end-to-end testing framework for Angular applications. It’s an anode.js program that runs your tests against your application running in a real browser.


In summary, end-to-end testing with angular is an effective way to thoroughly test your application and ensure its quality before releasing it. By creating tests that simulate user interaction such as clicking, keystrokes, and entering the text you can easily detect and troubleshoot flaws in the software. Additionally, end-to-end testing with angular allows for greater control over the entire system by giving you access to all components of the application. With this knowledge in hand, you’re sure to create a successful web or mobile product.

Author BIO

Santosh is a passionate front-end developer of a leading angular development company in India. Currently working with Devstringx Technologies as Front-End Team Lead. With a decade of experience in development. He hold 8+ years of experience. He strongly advocates for diversity and inclusion. He has great experience with different flavors of development like Bootstrap, Vuejs, Angular, and React Development. He loves exploring new tools and technologies and sharing his experience by writing blogs.

Kossi Adzo is the editor and author of He is software engineer. Innovation, Businesses and companies are his passion. He filled several patents in IT & Communication technologies. He manages the technical operations at

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